Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Medical Negligence Solicitors – Compensation Claims

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According to the World Health Organisation the highest incidence of medical negligence in the developed world occurs in Australia. If you have been injured by a healthcare professional including a doctor, dentist, nurse or technician and would like to speak to a medical negligence solicitor without further obligation, just use the helpline. A medical negligence lawyer who deals exclusively in personal injury claims will speak to you, giving free advice and information on how best to preserve your legal right to receive compensation as a result of injuries caused by medical negligence.

Solicitors Helpline 1800 633 090

Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of lymph disease. It can also be described as a cancer of the immune system. There are many types of lymphoma but many people divide it into two broad categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. They are somewhat different from one another but often have similar symptoms.

In Hodgkin lymphoma, the common symptoms are painless swelling of the lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, itching, weakness and fatigue. It is common in people aged 15-35 and in adults older than 55 years. The abnormal cells in this type of cancer are called Reed-Sternberg cells. The cancer is staged according to whether or not it is above or below the level of the diaphragm. CT, PET, or MRI scanning is used to stage the cancer.

The complications of treating Hodgkin lymphoma include failure to biopsy a suspicious lesion, failure to properly stage the disease and using treatment that is out of date or is improperly used to treat the cancer.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma involves just about any other cell in the immune system that is not involved with Hodgkin disease. In non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymphocytes of many kinds grow out of control, spreading throughout the body and bone marrow.

There are two main types of lymphocytes found in lymphoma. These include B cell lymphoma and T cell lymphoma. The cells eventually settle in an area where lots of lymphocytes are, such as the tonsils or the spleen. They tend to grow there and the organ swells. The cells metastasize all over the body.

About 54,000 people will have non-Hodgkin lymphoma as a new diagnosis every year. Seven thousand people are diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma every year. The differences between the two major types of lymphoma can only be seen under the microscope. Non Hodgkin lymphoma has thirty different subtypes. This means that the microscope and special classification measures must be taken in order to know the type of cancer it is.

No one knows the exact cause of lymphoma. It is believed to be partially related to genetics, carcinogens that damage DNA (pesticides, herbicides and organic solvents) and increasing age. Medical conditions associated with lymphoma include HIV, Epstein Barr virus, hepatitis B or C, helicobacter pylori, and autoimmune diseases.

The symptoms of lymphoma include swelling in the underarm, groin or neck. Swelling where other lymph nodes collect is a secondary finding. There is often swelling of the arms and legs, with numbness of the extremities. Other symptoms of lymphoma include chills, fatigue, fever, weight loss, night sweats, itching and lethargy.

The diagnosis of lymphoma depends on a complete history and physical examination. A family history needs to be obtained. Blood tests check blood cells, liver and kidney function. If the LDH (lactase dehydrogenase) is elevated, it might mean aggressive lymphoma.

Imaging studies are done to look at where the cancer cells are located. The tests include a chest x-ray and other x-rays, CT scans of the body, MRI scanning, Gallium scan, lymphangiogram and PET scans. Bone marrow studies can find cancerous cells within the bone marrow.

Stage I disease is when only one lymph node area is involved.

Stage II disease is when two or more lymph node areas are found on the same side of the body.

Stage III disease is when the two or more lymph node areas are in distant areas of the body.

Stage IV disease is when the disease had spread to the spleen, bone marrow, CNS or bone.

The treatment of lymphoma depends on the stage. Chemotherapy can be used for advanced disease and radiation can be used for local disease. Lymphoma can be treated with bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant.

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